During that period, two liberal South Korean presidents went to Pyongyang and held landmark summit talks with then-leader Kim Jong Il, the father of current North Korean ruler Kim Jong Un.
Moon has said he will use both dialogue and pressure to resolve the standoff over North Korea's nuclear and missile programs.
"Talks and cooperation between the two Koreas to ease tension and bring about peace on the Korean peninsula will be instrumental for pushing forth a mutual, virtuous cycle for inter-Korea relations and North Korea's nuclear problem", South Korea's Unification Minister Cho Myoung-gyon told a news briefing.
Last year, China shipped to North Korea more than 96,000 tonnes of gasoline and almost 45,000 tonnes of diesel, worth a combined $64 million.
The United States has been trying to get China and Russian Federation to back a new U.N. Security Council resolution imposing stiffer sanctions on North Korea following its latest missile test.
Less than two weeks after North Korea's first intercontinental ballistic missile test, South Korea's new president has offered to hold talks at the tense border separating the two Koreas in what would be the rivals' first face-to-face meeting since late 2015.
Without directly mentioning the proposals, North Korea said through its state-run newspaper Rodong Sinmun on Monday that Moon's Berlin speech was "fortunate" in that it pledged to respect and implement the June 15, 2000, inter-Korean joint declaration of peace and prosperity, but that it contained "ill intention".
South Korea Proposes Fresh Talks With North Korea
South Korea on Monday offered to hold rare military talks with North Korea on Friday at the border truce village of Panmunjom . The two Koreas restarted Cold War-era psychological warfare after the North's fourth nuclear test in January 2016.
Separately, South Korean authorities also offered to restart Red Cross talks on August 1, to discuss options to resume family reunions on the Chuseok holiday in early October.
He told a briefing Monday for a group of United Nations correspondents that "dialogue for the sake of dialogue is meaningless". The ministry also did not elaborate what it meant by hostile military activities. North Korean leader Kim Jong Un said he would never negotiate his weapons programs unless the US abandons its hostile policy toward his country. -China ties, taking precedence over other priorities such as trade and military actions in the South China Sea.
North Korea did not immediately respond to the proposal.
Moon suggested this month that hostile military activities at the border be ended on July 27, the anniversary of the 1953 armistice agreement.
China's Foreign Ministry yesterday welcomed Seoul's peace gesture, saying it hopes "the two sides will move in a positive direction to break the stalemate and to relaunch the dialogue and negotiations", according to AFP.
North Korea says South Korea abducted the waitresses, but Seoul has said they defected of their own free will. Cho said this matter was not included on the talks agenda.
Kim's test this month of a missile that may be capable of traveling in excess of 5,500 kilometers (3,400 miles) demonstrated technological improvements from previous launches and showed the regime is nearing the ability to deliver a weapon as far as Alaska.